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Numerical simulation of transient power consumption characteristics in an unbaffled stirred tank

Liangchao Li, Kefeng Xiang, and Beiping Xiang

Key Laboratory of Testing Technology for Manufacturing Process of Ministry of Education, School of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang, People’s Republic of China



Received: 11 December 2019  Accepted: 20 February 2020


Numerical simulations were conducted to investigate transient power consumption characteristics in an unbaffled stirred tank. The transient flow field in the stirred tank was simulated using a shear-stress transport kω turbulent model. Meanwhile, the transient power number was analyzed based on the predicted impeller torque. The accuracy and reliability of the simulations were verified by experimental data in the literature. The simulation results show that power number undergoes four stages, i.e., plateau value, sharp falling, slow falling and stable stages, after impeller is suddenly started up in quiescent fluid. The curve of transient power number versus dimensionless time is hardly affected by the impeller start-up speed. When impeller speed is accelerated from the same initial speed to higher end speed, the plateau power number becomes higher and the time interval is shorter. With the same speed increment, the plateau power number falls for higher initial speed. Power number falls sharply and then rises gradually to a steady value after impeller speed is decelerated from high to low speed. Time is longer for the power number reaching to steady state when impeller speed is decelerated from same initial speed to lower end speed.

Keywords: Ubaffled stirred tank; Transient power number; Numerical simulation; Computational fluid dynamics (CFD); k–ω turbulent model

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-020-01115-3


Chemical Papers 74 (9) 2849–2859 (2020)

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