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Wall effects on terminal falling velocity of spherical particles moving in a Carreau model fluid

Jaroslav Strnadel, Miloslav Simon, and Ivan Machač

Institute of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, University of Pardubice, Studentská 573, 532 10 Pardubice, Czech Republic



Abstract: Experimental verification of our previous numerical simulation of wall effects on the terminal falling velocity of spherical particles moving slowly along the axis of a cylindrical vessel filled with a Carreau model fluid is presented. Dependences of the wall correction factor F W on the sphere to tube ratio d/D and on the dimensionless Carreau model parameters m, Λ, and η r were obtained using a finite element method. Calculated data of the wall correction factor were compared with the results of our new falling sphere experiments. The experiments were carried out in six types of cylindrical Perspex columns (16 mm, 21 mm, 26 mm, 34 mm, 40 mm, and 90 mm in diameter) filled with aqueous solutions of polymers exhibiting different degrees of shear thinning and elasticity. Seventeen types of spherical particles (1–8 mm in diameter) made of glass, ceramics, steel, lead, and tungsten carbide were used for the drop tests. Measurements of the liquid flow curves, primary normal stress differences, oscillatory, creep and recovery, stress relaxation, and stress growth tests were carried out on the rheometer Haake MARS (Thermo Scientific). A good agreement between numerically and experimentally obtained F W data was found.

Keywords: wall effects – sphere free fall – drag coefficient – Carreau viscosity model

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-011-0005-6


Chemical Papers 65 (2) 177–184 (2011)

Tuesday, June 18, 2024

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