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Power consumption and gas–liquid dispersion in turbulently agitated vessels with vertical dual-array tubular coil baffles

Xun Wan, Yasuyuki Takahata, and Koji Takahashi

aDepartment of Biochemical Engineering, Yamagata University, 4-3-16 Jyonan, Yonezawa-shi, Yamagata 992-8510, Japan

 

E-mail: koji@yz.yamagata-u.ac.jp

Abstract: In this work vertical dual-array tubular coil baffles arranged in groups of four, six or eight were investigated and the results compared with those from four planar baffles. The baffle coefficients for a single phase, along with the power consumption and gas hold-up in the gas–liquid phase of a system with the various baffle configurations for single and triple Rushton turbines are presented. Measurements were carried out using a dish-bottom vessel with an inner diameter of 0.29 m. Two ambient-temperature media were used as the liquid phase, namely, tap water and a 0.5 M Na2SO4 aqueous solution, representing coalescent and non-coalescent liquids, respectively. The results of the single-phase experiment revealed the coil baffles to have lower power numbers; when the baffle coefficient is ≥ 0.12, the mixing efficiency is the same as that for four planar baffles. The power consumption experiment using the gas–liquid phase showed that installing coil baffles prevented a large power draw in all types of media. In addition, the power draw characteristics are affected by the media. It was found that, because of the low KB number, flooding occurred more readily with coil baffles than with planar baffles. Gas–liquid dispersion experiments in an air–water system indicated that, at a low gas flow-rate, the gas hold-up values of the coil baffles were almost 60 % higher than those of the conventional four baffles. However, this phenomenon was not observed in the Na2SO4 aqueous solution because of the existence of dead zones in viscous liquids. Finally, all the data from the power consumption and gas hold-up experiments on the gas–liquid phase were correlated.

Keywords: tubular coil baffles – Rushton turbine – power consumption – gas hold-up

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.1515/chempap-2015-0221

 

Chemical Papers 70 (4) 445–453 (2016)

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