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Carbonylation of cyclohexene to 2-cyclohexene-1-one by montmorillonite-supported Co(II) catalysts

Shu Gao, Rui-Ren Tang, and Yin Zhou

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, 410083 Hunan, China

 

E-mail: trr@csu.edu.cn

Abstract: A novel environmentally-friendly catalytic system for the carbonylation of cyclohexene with molecular oxygen under conditions of mild temperature, and under an atmospheric oxygen pressure is presented. In this system, a series of readily-prepared cobalt complexes of 2-aminophenol and its derivatives immobilised onto montmorillonite were used as catalysts. The catalysts were characterised by FT-IR, elemental analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, powder X-ray diffraction, diffuse reflectance ultraviolet visible spectra, scanning electron microscopic measurements, transmission electron microscopic measurements and the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller method. The effects of various reaction conditions such as catalyst dosage, temperature and time were optimised, obtaining an 88.7 % conversion with 72.0 % selectivity of 2-cyclohexene-1-one in 6 h. The results show that the catalytic activity of the cobalt complexes encapsulated in montmorillonite is higher than those of the free complexes. In addition, the heterogeneous catalysts were stable and can be recycled up to five times without any noticeable change in the catalytic activity.

Keywords: cyclohexene – allylic carbonylation – molecular oxygen – cobalt complexes – montmorillonite – immobilization

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.1515/chempap-2015-0130

 

Chemical Papers 69 (9) 1156–1165 (2015)

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