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Surface modification of quantum dots and magnetic nanoparticles with PEG-conjugated chitosan derivatives for biological applications

Yan Lv, Kun Li, and Yapeng Li

Alan G. MacDiarmid Institute of Jilin University, 2699 Qianjin Street, 130012, Changchun, China

 

E-mail: liyapeng@jlu.edu.cn

Abstract: In this paper, amphiphilic chitosan derivatives (N-octyl-N-mPEG-chitosan, mPEG = poly(ethylene glycol) monomethyl ether; OPEGC) were successfully synthesised via the Schiff base reduction reaction of chitosan and mPEG-aldehyde, or octanal, with chitosan acting as the backbone of the grafted copolymers, and mPEG-aldehyde providing the hydrophilic chain or octanal providing the hydrophobic alkyl chain. The synthesis was confirmed by characterisation employing Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and 1H NMR. In the subsequent procedure, water-soluble quantum dots (QDs) and iron(II,III) oxide (IO) nanoparticles, widely used as nanoprobes in medical applications, were produced by the incorporation of QDs or IO inside the polymeric micelle core. Finally, the optical properties of QDs incorporated into OPEGC (OPEGC@QDs) were characterised by UV-VIS spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, cell viability was obtained through MTT, and the morphology of their assembly formed in water were observed by atomic force microscope (AFM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) and the QDs content of OPEGC@QDs was calculated following thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA). In addition, the properties of IO incorporated into OPEGC (OPEGC@IO) were characterised by vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM), FT-IR, MTT, TGA, AFM, and TEM. The results indicated that the OPEGC composite nanoparticles with size narrowly distributed, good water solubility, and low cytotoxicity were prepared here, which represented a high quantum yield or good super-paramagnetism.

Keywords: chitosan – poly(ethylene glycol) monomethyl ether – quantum dots – iron(II,III) oxide

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-013-0401-1

 

Chemical Papers 67 (11) 1404–1413 (2013)

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