ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
Registr. No.: MK SR 9/7
Characterisation of hydroxyapatite surface modified by poly(ethylene glycol) and poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate) grafting
Katarzyna Adamska, Magdalena Szubert, Adam Voelkel, and Zuzanna Okulus
Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Poznań University of Technology, Pl. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 2, 60-965, Poznań, Poland
Abstract: Hydroxyapatite (HA) has many applications in medicine as a biocompatible and bioactive biomaterial. Numerous studies have shown that modification of the HA surface can improve its biological and chemical properties. However, little is known about the surface properties of modified materials. In this paper the influence of organic polymers: polyethylene glycol (PEG) and polyhydroxyethyl methacrylate (pHEMA) on the surface properties and surface chemistry of hydroxyapatite (HA) is presented. The surface properties of modified HA were characterised by the FT-IR, XPS, BET, and zeta potential measurements. Specific surface area was determined by BET. Infrared and XPS spectra confirmed the presence of PEG and pHEMA on the surface of HA. The BET N2 adsorption revealed slight changes in the HA surface chemistry after grafting modification. The surface chemical properties of the HA were considered to be based on the zeta potential. The decrease in zeta potential results in the increasing stability of the modified material and also in the reduction of bacterial adhesion. The reaction for surface modification of HA is proposed and described.
Keywords: hydroxyapatite – surface modification – polyethylene glycol – infrared spectroscopy – X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.
Chemical Papers 67 (4) 429–436 (2013)