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Potential role of hydrazinyl 1,2,4-triazoles derivatives as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors: synthesis, biological evaluation, kinetics mechanism and molecular docking and simulation studies

Parvez Ali Mahesar, Pervaiz Ali Channar, Syeda Abida Ejaz, Aamer Saeed, F. F. Alharbi, Tahira Shamim, Mubashir Aziz, Rabail Ujan, Ghulam Abbas Kandhro, Sajid Ali Channar, Qamar Abbas, and Mumtaz Hussain

Institute of Chemistry, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur, Pakistan



Received: 24 November 2022  Accepted: 27 January 2023


In the current study, total six hydrazinyl 1,2,4-triazoles derivatives (5a–5f) are reported. A new series of pyridine substituted 1,2,4-triazoles was synthesized and tested for in vitro studies, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition assay, kinetics mechanism studies and chemical characterization (1HNMR and 13CNMR analysis). The acetylcholinesterase inhibition activity of the compound 5f (IC50 ± SEM = 0.0249 ± 0.01 µM) was maximum as compared to the rest of the derivatives. Results of kinetics mechanism showed that synthetic compound (5f) had inhibitory effect on enzyme in a competitive manner and its Ki Value was 0.025 µM. These findings were also supported by molecular docking studies to rule out the binding interactions in the molecules. In addition, comprehensive molecular dynamics simulations were performed to investigate the stability of protein–ligand complex. It was revealed that RMSD fluctuations demonstrated stable pattern. The data showed that almost all derivatives are best inhibitors of AChE in comparison to neostigmine. Therefore, it can be suggested that these derivatives must be explored further at molecular level so that their role can be identified as lead molecules in drug discovery for the management of age related neurodegenerative diseases.

Keywords: Acetylcholinesterase; NMR; Molecular docking studies

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-023-02718-2


Chemical Papers 77 (6) 3447–3459 (2023)

Friday, April 19, 2024

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