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Fe2+ activating persulfate selectively oxidized alcohols by biphasic/homogeneous reaction switch strategy

Junyan Wang, Xiaona Liu, Xing Wang, Hailiang Yin, Qingbin Guo, and Di Liu

College of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China



Received: 29 December 2021  Accepted: 2 June 2022


A facile and efficient oxidation of alcohol by Fe2+ activating persulfate was performed and a homogeneous/biphasic reaction switch strategy was proposed to regulate the oxidation process. Na2S2O8 and FeSO4 were employed as the oxidant and the source of activator Fe(II), respectively. Fe2+ efficiently excited persulfate, endowing persulfate with powerful oxidation activity. Benefited from this, the oxidation of benzylic primary alcohols and cyclic secondary alcohols could proceed to give the corresponding aldehydes or ketones with good yields (85.2–98.5%) under the optimal conditions of 60 °C, 1.5 mol equivalent Na2S2O8 and 0.3 mol equivalent Fe2+ to substrate in a water/dichloroethane biphase system. Moreover, the primary alcohols were one-step oxidized into carboxylic acids with high selectivity by raising reaction temperature, increasing the amount of oxidant and switching from biphasic reaction to the water/MeCN homogeneous phase.

Keywords: Alcohol; Selective oxidation; Persulfate

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-022-02366-y


Chemical Papers 76 (11) 7229–7234 (2022)

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