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Analytical methods for the identification of micro/nano metals in e-cigarette emission samples: a review

Wafaa Waleed AL-Qaysi and Fatma H. Abdulla

Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Chemo and Biosensors, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany



Received: 5 February 2021  Accepted: 4 July 2021


In this review, numerous analytical methods to quantify the heavy and trace elements emitted from electronic cigarettes, cigarettes liquid and atomizer. The selection of a method was dependent upon the purpose, e.g., quantification or identification of elements only. The introductory part of this review focuses on describing the importance of setting up an electronic cigarettes- associated safety profile. The review dealt with studies that assessed elements in sizes ranging from nano to micro. The formation of different degradation chemical substances as well as impurity trends can be indicated through chemical investigation of metals in electronic cigarettes. Some studies have been covered that show the uses and benefits of. It is noticeable from all the collected sources that the minerals emitted from the smoke of e- cigs do not constitute any significant damage, as the percentage is very small, with the exception of minerals that may be emitted from the components of the device after heating it if the components of the e- cig are of poor specifications, except in the case of long-term accumulation. For this reason, an electronic cigarette can help smokers to quit smoking tobacco and replace it with electronic cigarettes smoke with distinctive flavors.

Keywords: Electronic-cigarettes; Atomizer; Heavy metals; Analytical methods; Nanoparticles; And COVID-19

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-021-01779-5


Chemical Papers 75 (12) 6169–6180 (2021)

Friday, March 01, 2024

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