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Preparation and characterization of modified self-crosslinking fluorocarbon acrylate latex

Tantan Shao, Yilu Gong, Xiaolong Chen, and Lijun Chen

School of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China

 

E-mail: chenlj@zjut.edu.cn

Received: 12 June 2020  Accepted: 9 September 2020

Abstract:

The modified self-crosslinking fluorocarbon acrylate (MSFA) latex has been successfully synthesized via semi-continuous seeded emulsion polymerization. Methyl methylacrylate (MMA), butyl acrylate (BA), dodecafluoroheptyl methacrylate (DFMA), and hydroxypropyl methacrylate (HPMA) were chosen as main monomers, vinyl triethoxysilane (VTES), and benzyl methacrylate (BZMA) served as functional monomers. Latex was emulsified by mixed emulsifier containing nonionic surfactant alcohol ether glycoside (AEG1000) and anionic surfactant fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether sulfate (AES), and the reaction process was initiated by potassium persulfate (KPS). The optimal conditions were studied and obtained. The results indicated that the monomer conversion was up to 99.36%, and the coagulation was lowered to 0.60% under the optimal conditions. At the same time, the outward appearance of resultant latex presented blue white which confirmed the latex was a successful preparation. The latex was tested through Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The mechanical stability and chemical stability of latex were measured. Thermogravimeter (TGA) results demonstrated that the introduction of functional monomers has extensively augmented the thermal stability of prepared film. The glass transform temperature (Tg) was detected by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and the water resistance of film was evaluated through water contact angle (WCA). The average particle size of latex was 62.99 nm and PDI was 0.069.

Keywords: MSFA; VTES; BZMA; Novel emulsifier; Preparation

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-020-01350-8

 

Chemical Papers 75 (3) 853–862 (2021)

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